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Rochester Daily Union and Advertiser
July 9, 1863.

Westminster, Md., July 4th, 1863.

     Dear Union:- I do not know of any better method of
passing a portion of our National anniversary, than by
addressing a brief communication to yourself, giving an
abstract of events that have transpired with us since leaving
     We left Aldie on Friday, June 26th, our division
appearing to be the rear guard of the grand army, then moving
North to repel the invasion of Pennsylvania. We halted for
the night at Leesburg, the county seat of Loudon county, a
beautiful town - more resembling our northern villages than
any I have yet seen in Virginia. The next morning we crossed
the Potomac at Edward's Ferry, and proceeded northwesterly,
crossing the Monocacy river and passing through a rich and
beautiful agricultural country, camping for the night near
Jefferson, a small village of little pretensions or interest.
     On Sunday morning we arrived at Middleton, a pleasant
village, nestled among the hills, a short distance from the
celebrated South Mountain. It was here that the battle
commenced on the 11th of September last, and some of the
buildings show the marks of bullets fired during the contest.
While waiting here for forage and rations, the 3d and 11th
Army corps passed through hurrying forward to take part in
the expected battle. We remained until morning, and then left
in a northwesterly direction, passing over South Mountain,
through Boonsboro, and old fashioned looking place, of one
street, containing man of the square log buildings built by
the early settlers, and from the absence of manifestations
otherwise, seeming to be mostly occupied by secessionists.
     Bearing northerly, and passing through some small town,
we crossed the Pennsylvania line in the afternoon, soon
coming again into the mountains, beholding some wild and
beautiful scenery, and receiving cordial expressions of
pleasure from the inhabitants along the route.
     We heard of the movements of the enemy all the way, they
having passed through two or three days previous, seizing all
the valuable horses they could find, but doing little other
damage. We camped near Fountain Dale, and at daybreak started
for Emmettsburg, Md., southeasterly, arriving there about ten
A.M.; it is a town of considerable size and importance,
containing many fine residences; scarcely halting we
proceeded rapidly towards Gettysburg, Pa., hearing along the
route that a large force of the enemy were in possession of
it, variously estimated by the excited citizens from 3,000 to
15,000. When we came within ten miles of the place we were
told that they had just left the town and were preparing to
give us battle on the Seminary Hill, a half mile out. We
proceeded rapidly through the town, a most beautiful and
pleasant place, receiving the most enthusiastic welcome from
the citizens, who hailed us as their deliveries; cheers,
bouquets and refreshments were tendered us on all sides,
accompanied in many cases, by the tears of tender hearted
women, for the fate of those soon expected to fall in the
deadly strife. Young ladies in groups, were singing Union
songs, to cheer the hearts of those who came to punish the
invaders. We pushed rapidly through the town fully expecting
to engage in a few moments with our foe, but were
disappointed, they had left about an hour previous, falling
back to meet their reinforcements, thus postponing for a few
hours the shock of battle.
     The division halted in a large field near the Seminary,
where we rested our jaded and hungry horses, who were almost
exhausted by their rapid march and insufficient food. After
an hour's rest, our squadron, Co's H and M, were ordered to
proceed some eight miles out, in an easterly direction, to do
picket and patrol duty, as it was expected the enemy would
endeavor to cross our lines between York and Westminster, we
relieved an infantry force, and fared luxuriously among the
substantial farmers, procuring loves of bread of fabulous
size, milk, butter and eggs in abundance, so that we felt
compensated for our extra march. The next day we returned to
within two or three miles of Gettysburg, posting pickets
on the various roads connecting with Baltimore pike. About
nine A.M. the boom of a gun announced that a fight had
commenced near Gettysburg, the rebels having returned with a
large force and attacked our division very near the place
where we had left them; our cavalry fought them with varying
success for along time, until our infantry came up and
rendered the contest more equal. All day those peaceful hills
echoed to the thunder of cannon, while the different corps of
our army came rushing by to "join in the dreadful revelry."
Of course you will have received all the particulars before
this reaches you. On Thursday morning we rejoined the
regiment which was lying some two miles from the town, it was
here while we were drawn up in line to support skirmishers,
that our company lost one of its faithful and trusty
soldiers, Jonathan Macomber of Livingston county, who was
nearly directly behind myself, being struck full in the
forehead by a bullet, killing him instantly with out a word
or a groan. May a just God have more mercy upon him, than
erring mortals bestow upon each other. During the day our
division left for this point, where supplies are received for
the army via the Western Maryland R.R.
     We are now encamped two miles from the village, engaged
in the double duty of picketing and protecting our supply
trains, and recruiting ourselves and horses, for constant
service and short rations had, to use a common phrase in
camp, nearly "played us out". We are anxiously awaiting news
from the front, as the battle was raging yesterday with fury.
However, we shall undoubtedly soon have an opportunity of
renewing our experience, whether our army is defeated or
victorious. As I am hoping to get my letter off this morning
I will close by giving an account of the casualties in our
regiment, also stating that both the brigade and regiment
received high commendation from superior officers for their
conduct on the field. Our regiment had three killed, forty
wounded, and about twenty missing.
   Capt. Follett he stated was killed.
     The following are the casualties in Co. "K"
Corporal Edward Marnott, killed
Sergeant Wm. S. Wilson, wounded, leg below the knee.
Private A. Lyman, of Wheatfield, head
"      Thos. Tygart, Caledonia, knee
"      Enos Sullivan  "          "
"      Thos. Radband, Mumford, arm
"      Geo. Brown, York, leg
"      Linus W. Gibbs, missing
"      Edward Dubois,   "